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What is a skin cancer? 

A skin cancer is an abnormal growth of skin cells, which is usually caused by the sun’s harmful rays.

Actinic Keratoses (AK)

Has a dry, scaly patch appearance.

  • Spots show up most commonly on areas that get lots of sun exposure such as on the head, neck, hands, and forearms.

  • Caused by too much sun, an AK isn’t skin cancer.

  • AK's are precancerous skin growths that can turn into a common type of skin cancer, squamous cell carcinoma.

  • Because it can turn into a cancer treatment is important.


Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)

Is the most common type of skin cancer.​ 

  • BCC's often look like a flesh-colored round growth, pearly-like bump or a pinkish patch of skin.​

  • Usually develops after years of frequent sun exposure or tanning beds.

  • Commonly seen on the head, neck and arms: however they can form anywhere on the body, including the chest, abdomen, and legs.

  • Early diagnosis and treatment is important. BCC's can grow deep. Allowed to grow, it can penetrate the nerves and bones, causing damage and disfigurement.​​​

Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC)

The second most common skin cancer.

  • SCC often looks like a red firm bump, scaly patch, or a sore that heals and then re-opens.

  • Tends to form on skin that gets frequent sun exposure, such as the rim of the ear, face, neck, arms, chest, and back.

  • Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent SCC from growing deep and spreading to other areas of the body.



Melanoma is often called "the most serious skin cancer" because it has a tendency to spread.

  • Melanoma can develop within a mole that you already have or appear suddenly as a dark spot that looks different from the rest

  • Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial.

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